Austin Drug Crime Lawyer

Charged with a Drug Offense in Austin, TX?

If you are facing drug charges in Austin, it is important to understand the potential consequences of a conviction. Drug crimes can carry severe penalties, including fines, probation, mandatory drug treatment programs, and even imprisonment. Additionally, a drug conviction can have long-lasting effects on your personal and professional life.

At Cofer & Connelly, PLLC, our Austin drug crime lawyers are dedicated to protecting your rights and minimizing the impact of drug charges on your life. We will thoroughly review your case, gather evidence, and develop a strong defense strategy tailored to your specific situation.

Whether you are facing charges for drug possession, distribution, manufacturing, or trafficking, we have the knowledge and expertise to provide you with the best possible defense.

Our goal is to achieve the most favorable outcome for our clients, whether that means getting charges dismissed, negotiating a plea agreement, or fighting for an acquittal at trial. We will advocate for your rights every step of the way and ensure that you receive fair treatment under the law.

If you or a loved one is facing drug charges in Austin, don't wait to seek legal representation. Contact Cofer & Connelly, PLLC today at (512) 991-0576 for a confidential consultation and let us fight for your rights.

What is a Drug or Marijuana Charge?

A drug or marijuana possession charge has two main elements that prosecutors must be able to prove:

1) the defendant knew the drug in question was a controlled substance


2) the defendant knowingly had possession of or control of the drug in question

In this case, possession includes access to the drug even if the drug in question is not on the defendant's person. For example, if the defendant's car contains marijuana and the defendant has keys to the car, the defendant possesses that marijuana.

Recommended Reading:

Drug & Marijuana Penalties in Austin

The penalty for drug or marijuana charges depends on a variety of factors, including the type of drug, the amount of the drug, the defendant's criminal history, and any other crimes committed in conjunction with possession of the drug. These factors can result in a charge ranging from a class B misdemeanor to a life felony, with the latter punishable by a fine of up to $250,000 and/or 5 years to life in prison.

A drug or marijuana charge can have detrimental consequences, especially in the State of Texas. An experienced Austin drug and marijuana lawyer can craft a smart defense and potentially get your case dismissed through participation in the Austin Drug Courts.

Drug Schedules

Drugs are categorized into five drug schedules, I, II, III, IV, and V. Schedules are created by the DEA based on the risk of drug abuse. Due to the perceived risk of schedule I drugs, they are unable to be prescribed for medical use, unlike drugs in schedules II - V.

Texas Drug Penalty Groups

Texas has four penalty groups and two penalty subgroups used to control substance use, manufacture, and sale. In addition to these penalty groups, enhancements can be added to the potential sentence if the crime was conducted with children, in a drug-free zone, and in other circumstances. A drug-free zone is an area within 1,000 feet of a public or private school, playground, youth center, daycare, university, or other locations of higher education.

Drug schedules and penalty groups are not the same: drug schedules are federally regulated while each state sets unique penalty groups. However, drug schedules and penalty groups often share the characteristic of ranking drugs by potential abuse and harm to the individual.

Group 1 (PG1)

Penalty group 1 regulates opiates and opium derivatives. Examples of opium derivatives and other group 1 regulated substances include:

  • Morphine,
  • Heroin,
  • Cocaine,
  • Rohypnol, medically known as flunitrazepam,
  • Methamphetamine, commonly known as meth,
  • PCP,
  • GHB, and
  • Ketamine.

These substances have punishments that range from state jail felonies and less than $10,000 in fines for less than a gram of possession, manufacture, or delivery, to life in prison and less than $250,000 in fines for possession, manufacture, or delivery of the substance for greater than 400 grams.

Group 1-A (PG1-A)

This penalty group solely regulates lysergic acid diethylamide, more commonly known as LSD. LSD is separated into its subgroup as it is measured in units rather than grams; however, it does carry the same punishments as its PG1 counterparts.

Group 2 (PG2)

Penalty Group 2 relegates hallucinogenic substances, depressants, and compound derivatives from 2-aminopropanel. Examples of Group 2 substances include:

  • DMT,
  • MDMA, also known as “Molly,”
  • BSP,
  • Psilocybin, also known as “magic mushrooms,”
  • Mescaline,
  • Phenylacetone,
  • Amphetamine,
  • Vyvanse,
  • Quaalude,
  • MDPV, and
  • Mephedrone.

While less dangerous than PG1 drugs, they carry harsh punishment if convicted.

Group 2 - A (PG2-A)

Penalty Group 2A regulates drugs that mimic the pharmacological effect of naturally occurring cannabinoids. Examples of PG2-A drugs include:

  • THC oil,
  • Wax or dabs, known as “concentrate,” and
  • Synthetic cannabinoids, known as “spice.”

CBD is legal in Texas as long as it contains less than 0.3% of THC and does not fall under this classification.

Group 3 (PG3)

Group 3 regulates stimulants, depressants, Nalorphine, compounds containing narcotics, compounds containing other substances, peyote, appetite suppressants, Dextropropoxyphene, and non-exempt anabolic steroids. Drugs regulated under this classification may seem familiar due to their medical use; however, your doctor must prescribe them for legal use.

Examples of PG3 drugs include:

  • Xanax, medically known as alprazolam,
  • Ritalin, medically known as methylphenidate,
  • Valium, medically known as diazepam, and
  • Ativan, medically known as lorazepam.

Group 4 (PG4)

Penalty group 4 regulates drugs containing compounds with small quantities of narcotics and include quantities of non-medicinal compounds. Examples of PG4 drugs are drugs prescribed by your doctor that are not included in any of the three penalty groups above.

Enhancements for Groups 1 - 4

Along with the base penalties for each group, there can be enhancements of punishment depending on if children were involved in the crime, usage was done in the presence of a child, or if force was used in the crime. Enhancements may also apply depending on the location of delivery, if death or bodily injury was involved, or if the drug was a prescription delivered to a person other than the intended user.

Enhancements often are additional jail time or increased monetary fines reflecting the severity of the offense.

What If I Was Prescribed One of the Drugs Above?

Some drugs regulated by the state of Texas do have medical uses and can be prescribed by your doctor, such as Vyvanse, appetite suppressants, and other drugs included in Penalty Groups 1 through 4. After fulfillment by your pharmacist, the prescription’s container may have the phrasing “Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensation without prescription” or “Rx only,” to remind you the prescribed individual should be the only one taking them.

Even though you may be prescribed one of these medications to treat a medical condition, you cannot share them with others for recreational or medicinal use. Sharing these drugs is considered delivery of a controlled substance and you can be charged with additional enhancements.

If you are wrongfully arrested after using a controlled substance prescribed by your doctor, you will need to prove that these drugs were prescribed to you and hire an experienced Austin drug crimes attorney.

Texas Penalties for Possession of Heroin

If you are caught with possession of heroin in Texas, no matter the amount, it is considered a felony and comes with the following penalties:

  • Less than a gram: considered a “state jail felony” with a jail sentence of 180 days to 2 years. A fine of up to $10,000 may be included.
  • 1-3.99 grams: considered a “third degree felony” with a jail sentence of 2-10 years. A fine of up to $10,000 may be included.
  • 4-199 grams: considered a “second degree felony” with a jail sentence of 2-20 years. A fine of up to $10,000 may be included.
  • 200-399 grams: considered a “first degree felony” with a jail sentence of 5-99 years. A fine of up to $10,000 may be included.
  • 400+ grams: considered an “enhanced first degree felony” with a jail sentence of 10-99 years. A fine of up to $100,000 may be included.

Additional Consequences of a Drug Crime Conviction

Being charged with a drug crime can have serious consequences that can impact your life in various ways. It is important to understand the potential penalties and repercussions associated with drug offenses in Austin, TX.

Some of the consequences of drug crimes include:

  • Legal penalties: Drug offenses can result in fines, probation, mandatory drug treatment programs, community service, and even imprisonment. The severity of the penalties depends on factors such as the type and quantity of drugs involved, previous convictions, and the presence of aggravating factors.
  • Professional and educational consequences: A drug conviction can affect your current job or future employment prospects. It may also impact your ability to obtain or maintain professional licenses or certifications. Additionally, drug convictions can lead to disciplinary actions or expulsion from educational institutions.
  • Personal and social impact: Drug crimes can strain relationships with family and friends, damage your reputation, and limit your opportunities for personal and social growth. It can also result in a loss of trust and support from loved ones.
  • Long-term consequences: A drug conviction can have long-lasting effects on your life. It may restrict your ability to secure housing, obtain loans, or qualify for certain government assistance programs. It can also limit your travel options, as some countries have strict entry requirements for individuals with drug convictions.

At Cofer & Connelly, PLLC, we understand the serious nature of drug crimes and the potential impact they can have on your life. Our drug crime attorneys in Austin are dedicated to providing strong defense strategies tailored to your specific situation. We will fight to protect your rights and work towards the best possible outcome for your case.

Common Drug Crime Defenses

When facing drug crime charges in Austin, TX, it is crucial to understand that you have legal options and defenses available to you. A skilled drug crime defense attorney can help evaluate your case and develop a strong defense strategy tailored to your specific situation.

Some common defenses for drug crimes include:

  • Unlawful search and seizure: If law enforcement conducted an illegal search or seizure without a valid warrant or probable cause, evidence obtained during the search may be deemed inadmissible in court.
  • Lack of possession: Prosecutors must prove that you had actual or constructive possession of the drugs. If there is no direct evidence linking you to the drugs or if they were found in a shared space, you may have a viable defense.
  • Valid prescription: If you were in possession of a controlled substance with a valid prescription from a licensed healthcare provider, you may have a valid defense.
  • Entrapment: If law enforcement induced or coerced you into committing a drug crime that you would not have otherwise committed, you may be able to argue entrapment as a defense.
  • Mistaken identity: If there is evidence to suggest that you were wrongly identified as the person involved in the drug crime, you can present evidence to support your claim.

It is important to consult with an experienced drug crime defense attorney who can assess the specific circumstances of your case and guide you through the legal process. At Cofer & Connelly, PLLC, our attorneys have a deep understanding of drug crime laws in Texas and will fight to protect your rights and achieve the best possible outcome for your case.

Hire a Defense Team Backed by Success

At Cofer & Connelly, PLLC, we can do more. We understand the gravity of a drug crime arrest and we can help you fight the charges with our team of skilled Austin drug crime attorneys. With a 90% dismissal or reduction rate for drug crime felonies in 2021 and 100% of our drug crime clients avoiding jail, we understand how to deliver the best possible results for our clients’ legal issues.

To get the representation you deserve even for a first offense, contact our Austin drug and marijuana attorneys at (512) 991-0576.

Related Reading

  • "Excellent all around. Highly recommend."
    W. N.
  • "I am eternally grateful for all of the efforts they put in to go above and beyond for everyone they help."
    Former Client
  • "They really listen to and care about their client's needs and consistently fight for the best outcome! I am eternally grateful for all of the effort they put in to go above and beyond for everyone they help."
  • 103 Years of Experience
  • 32,000 Cases
  • 357 Trials

Committed to Excellence


Contact Us Today

  • Please enter your first name.
  • Please enter your last name.
  • Please enter your phone number.
    This isn't a valid phone number.
  • Please enter your email address.
    This isn't a valid email address.
  • Please make a selection.
  • Please enter a message.
  • By submitting, you agree to be contacted about your request & other information using automated technology. Message frequency varies. Msg & data rates may apply. Text STOP to cancel. Acceptable Use Policy